The medicinal cannabis market is entirely new, and there are tons of products produced for different medicinal purposes. One of the most popular products is the CBD oil, which has been shown to offer numerous health benefits. Since the industry is still new, it can be somewhat confusing for users to grasp all the details about cannabinoids. There are many unanswered questions about the dosage and bio-availability of CBDs. The regulatory bodies such as the FDA haven’t given out the recommended daily intake of Cannabinoids, and there is scanty information about the best means of administration.
Administration of CBD
Just like with most of the other drugs, the route of administration of CBD is critical since it governs their absorption, distribution, and elimination from the body. It also determines the effectiveness of the cannabinoids in the body. These components can be administered in many ways into the body, depending on the users’ preference.
In the medical practice, it is critical to consider user’s preference when administering any prescription. However, an individual’s comfort cannot be prioritized over the effectiveness of the prescription. The absorption of a supplement or a drug refers to its movement from the point of administration to the blood system. In medical terms, it is known as the bioavailability. A substance that is administered intravenously is assumed to have total bioavailability while other routes have a certain percentage or ratio of bioavailability.
Oral Administration of CBD Products
It is the common route of administration of CBD products. Most users consider oral administration easy since most of the CBD products can be incorporated in diet and ingested easily as oils or capsules. However, oral administration of CBD products has been shown to result in low bioavailability.
In one study, participants were given chocolate cookies with a 40 mg dose of CBD. After examination, the bioavailability of CBD was six percent. The low bioavailability of CBD administered orally results from the action of enzymes in the gut and the liver. CBD is broken down in the liver to produce more than a hundred different metabolites. The bioavailability of CBD products in the body can be increased by administering it alongside long-chain fatty acids that can bypass breakdown in the liver.
Administering CBD products in the vapor form
Inhalation of CBD products is a style that is associated with recreational users. Inhalation of CBD products such as the CBD oil results to a higher bioavailability. But also, the bioavailability of CBD products administered through inhalation will be determined by your inhaling technique. Inhaling the vapor into the lungs increases its bioavailability compared to inhaling and then swallowing the vapor.
Sublingual administration of CBD products
Sublingual administration is much the same as the oral administration of the CBD. The most common methods of sublingual administration of CBD products include sublingual sprays, sublingual tablets, and lozenges. Studies performed to compare the bioavailability of CBD administered orally and sublingually indicate that sublingual administration results in a higher bioavailability. The region below the tongue has numerous capillaries which help in the absorption and delivery into the bloodstream.